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ERIE, PA., MARCH, 1887. 

Vol. 2— No. 3. 


To the Students of Clark's Business College, 

at the College Hall, Erie, Pa., January 

28th, 1887. at 10 o'clock A. M. 

Mr. President, Ladie» and Gentlemen: 

You will find the words of my text 
this morning, dearly beloved, in the 
Book of Proverbs. I shall not tell you 
in what part of the Book of Proverbs, 
for it will do you good to read clear 
through the entire book to find it. 
"Seestthou a man diligent in his busi- 
ness, he shall stand before kings. He 
shall not stand beforemean men." Now 
I will call your attention in the first 
plage, to the words in the text that says 
"Peest thou a man diligent in his busi- 
ness." It does not say a woman, or 
"Seest thou a woman diligent in her 
business," because the wise man knew 
perfectly well that a woman was not 
only diligent in her own business, but 
also of the business of every one else in 
the block. But in those old days it was 
a rarity, and frequently it is a rarity 
now. in some communities, to see a man 
who is diligent in his business. A man 
is apt to be the lazy animal of creation, 
while woman has always been active 
and diligent. But it would puzzle one 
to Bee a man doing that one thing 
and nothing else, and so he called the 
attention of everyone in the world to 
the one diligent man that he discovered 
in the Book of Proverbs, in the entire 
range of that book. And then he says, 
"seest thou a man diligent in his busi- 
ness." He didn't say a man whose 
grandfather was diligent in his business, 
or a man who used to be diligent ten 
years ago, nor seest thou a man who will 
be next week diligent, but a man who is 
diligent all the time, yesterday, to-day, 
and forever. Now I have seen men who 
were diligent in everyone's business ex- 
cept their own. That man does not 
stand before kings; that man usually 
stands before the police magistrate, and 
it is no honor to him that he does 
stand there. I gave you an instance last 
night of a man who was diligent, but it 
was not in. i iy business, any useful trade 
and honored occupation. A man is to 
be diligent all the time lit- .sets out until 
be ^ets through— diligent in his own 
business. A man may be diligent 
enough, industrious, active and occu- 
py,! and yd not accomplish anything 
that is worth accomplishing, or stand 
lieiore kings. A man who employs ten 
it twenty years of his life in working 
and striving until he can form three or 
four hundred sentences out of the word 
'Constantinople" is diligent; but it is 

not a diligence which will place him be- 
fore kings. A man who spends his 
whole life in trying to invent a perpetual 
motion machine does not stand before 
kings, because it is not business. A 
man who wastes and fritters away his 
time in one thousand and one things 
that accomplish nothing, is not a diligent 
man in the sense of the proverb. The 
man who is working and struggling for 
the invention of the Keeley moter is the 
most diligent man in the State, but he 
is not u man who stands before kings; 
he is a man who is afraid to stand be- 
fore his own stockholders, who try to 
get around him once in a while, but they 
do not; he gets around them. These 
things occupy a man's time and give 
hiiu something to do, but they are not 
business at all. A man may apply him- 
self well enough but he must apply him- 
self to something with a point to it. 

I remember a dog I used to own, and 
sometimes I select a dog to illustrate a 
man with instead of another man, be- 
cause you will see at my time of life that 
a dog resembles a man in many things, 
more than any other man does. This 
was one dog among the twelve or thir- 
teen dogs that I had that I really loved. 
I was running a farm, and a boy can not 
run a farm with fewer than twelve dogs. 
But this dog had a hold on my heart. 
He waB a hunter. I never knew a dog 
that could hunt as he did and made it a 
profession to so completely employevery 
faculty of his body and tail to this one 
act of hunting. He was nota thorough- 
bred dog, not an Irish setter, no fifty 
dollar dog; but he hunted. That was 
what his business was. He used to get 
up in the morning and take breakfast 
at home. He always took all his meals 
at home, and he would go and hunt and 
be gone all day and come home about 
sunset and have his hair full of burs and 
his feet covered with blisters and stone 
bruises, and the next day he would go 
and hunt again all the day long and as 
the horn blew for supper time he would 
return, come sneaking down across the 
stump lot with the same lot of swag that 
he had covered the day before, the same 
burs and blisters and bruises; a few ad- 
ditional ones, and that was all. Now we 
didn't allow anyone to censure the dog, 
because we believed the dog's intentions 
were good. He meant well and was like 
a well-meaning man, doing the best that 
he could. He got to be an object of in- 
terest all over the township bye and bye. 
People away out on the edge of the 
town knew of it. and ptople would bet 
that to-day Burdette's dog would find 
something, and we who knew him bet 
that he would not, and we were robbing 

the neighbors day by day. We had a 
sure thing and improved it. And then 
we could turn it and bet that he would 
find something. And he would find a 
rope, or a stick, or an old boot, and when 
he found it and brought it home it 
would count as something that he had 
found. No matter how sacred the day 
was— Decoration Day, or St. Patrick's 
Day, or the Fourth of July— he hunted; 
seven days in the week and fifty-two 
weeks in the year, for seven long years 
that dog hunted and never found a 
thing One day in November he went 
out into the snow and lost himself. I 
don't know how to impress that on you. 
He didn't lose himself as an ordinary 
dog would. Ten dogs of an ordinary 
kind couldn't have lost themselves all 
together, as that one dog lost himself 
alone. He was gone with a big "G;" 
his foot tracks didn't disappear or sud- 
denly become lost to view. They faded 
out of sight; he died as he did every- 
thing, completely, and with his whole 
heart. As Joseph Cook would express 
it, he wrapped the drappery of the in- 
evitable about him, and lay down to 
join the innumerable caravan of the 
intangible things mysterious that he 
had hunted for seven years. He was a 
diligent dog but he didn't hunt in the 
right place. It is not enough to learn a 
business and acquire a profession, but 
after that you have got to know enough 
to take that profession or business 
somewhere where you can make some- 
thing of it. You wouldn't graduate as 
you do here from this institution and 
then go to the desert of Sahara to com- 
mence business and then stand there 
and wait for the business to come 
around to you. You must go somewhere 
where you can make it come to you. A 
man who would go to Coney Island 
moose-hunting wouldn'tbring home any 
moose, because there are no moose any- 
where near Coney Island. That is the 
reason a man never finds a collar button 
when it drops and rolls away from him 
live minutes before church time; he 
never looks where the collar button is. 
And anyone knows that, a collar button 
would never roll away at that time 
to a place where any man of Bense ever 
would think of looking for it. 

So you see this is to be applied only to 
a man's own business, and not to his 
employer's, or companions, or some 
other employment or something that he 
thinks would be very pleasaut for him 
to do. And a man always wants to do 
something that he has no business to. ; 
There is always something in his business | 
that is pleasauter than the most money- l 
making and sustaining part of it. 1 1 

never yet had a place on a paper that I 
didn't want to trade oft". There was 
always something in the duties of other 
departments that I thought more en- 
joyable, and I always thought if I oould 
pick those out and compress them all 
into one department and take that I 
could enjoy it. But there is no money 
or practicability in it. You have to take 
the rough with the smooth and apply 
yourselves to just one thing at a time. 

A man himself shall stand before 
kings, who is diligent in his business. 
He stands there because he has earned 
the right to. When I see a successful 
man in his profession or line of business, 
I am inclined to think that he is success- 
ful because he is a success; that is, that 
the qualities essential to success indicate 
that to be successful you have to have 
certain qualifications essential to suc- 
cessfully successful success. Perhaps 
you follow me. A mau is not successful 
because he is a lucky fellow or a eertain 
turn of forfune brings him to the top. 
If he is successful it is because he has it 
in himself. We always say if he fails 
that we knew he would for he was lazy 
and visionary and had no practical way 
of employing himself. Now all that 
Gomes to a man in good fortune comes 
to him as the result of what he himself 
has done to bring that good fortune 
about. 1 do not believe in luck; or I do 
believe in luck — I believe in bad luck; 
not in good luck. Sometimes I feel 
sorry for a man who goes down in this 
busy.turbulent.pitiless world of strife and 
competition of ours, and I express my 
sympathy with him and say he has 
struck bad luck. But I don't believe in 
taking away the reward of a man's own 
energy and application by saying he has 
had good luck. The man who puts off 
everything until to-morrow or day after 
to-morrow, and the young man who 
leans up against the wall waiting for 
some man to come along and take him 
into partnership, or some good piece of 
fortune to come and swamp him in spite 
of himself, then he is a man born to bad 
luck as the sparks lly upward. When 
he rustles and flutters around and does 
something for himself then I say there 
is a man born to good luck if there be 
such a thing as good luck. I do not be- 
lieve in standing still. 

There is an old proverb that has as 
little sense in it as most of these prov- 
erbs of the wise men used to have, that 
says " A rolling stom* gathers no moss" 
I laugh every time I hear that quoted. 
It is the only time I do gather moss, is 
when I roll around. If I staid right 
here all the time week after week do you 
suppose I would ever have such an an 


dience as I had last night, for all the 

time right along 1 I take the moss that 
I gather here and move on to the next 
town anil gather some more. I do not 
eat two breakfasts in the Bauie town 
once in five years As soon as 1 stand 
still I begin to lose all of the moss that I 
have acquired, and I would soon be in 
it mossiest condition if 1 didn't roll, and 
for that matter, my dear boy, a stone 
don't want any moss, it is not in the 
moss-gathering business. If a rock 
standing still wants to gather moss that 
is all right. It takes it a great many 
years to gather enough to hide the rock. 
I want you to be so diligent in your 
business that you shall have a right to 
stand before king?*, and not to follow 
the plan of the rock. Once in a while 
you Bee a man standing in a place where 
he has no right, and he will be forgotten 
the next day after he is dead. And 
there are men who are not only forgot 
ten as soon as they are dead but they 
are never felt while they are here. I 
don't want you to be that kind. I want 
people to understand that you are help- 
ing to carry this load and helping to 
run this government and accomplishing 
something while you are here, and when 
you are gone you will not care for the 
rest of the world, when you are dead, 
any more than the rest of the world will 
care for you. I don't want you to be 
forgotten while you are here and are 
young men. 

Now you tell me there are uien who 
acquire the rewards of this promise that 
do not deserve it; that there are cap- 
tains who have crawled in through the 
cabin windows, and men in the United 
States Senate who would not make a 
respectable alderman. But, iny dear 
boy, they do not obtain this promise. 
They do not stand before kings; they 
crouch and bow their knee and truekle 
and get down in the dust before them. 
They go down into the mud and mire 
and dirt of politics and kiss the feet of 
any man who has influence in the ward; 
they truckle to any power that can con- 
trol a caucus; they get down on their 
kneeB before any man with a vest 
pocket full of votes. The promise to 
you is that if you are diligent in your 
business you shall stand before kings, 
conferring as much honor on the mon- 
arch before whom you stand, as he can 
confer on you by giving you the position 
in which you stand. 

Then there are men who have been 
diligent in their business and they get 
before a king. Sometimes they do and 
the king kicks them. There is a great 
deal of difference in standing in the 
presence of a man and standing in his 
way. You shall stand before him in the 
way of service; waiting and watchful 
and earnest service. 

Now, coming to the end of the text, 
you shall stand before kings— there are 
kings and kings and kings, and some 
kings you would not want to stand be- 
fore. You don't want to stand before a 
mail unless it is a man you can feel it an 
honor to stand before. There are kings 
of Wall street, and if you stood before 
them but five minutes they would skin 
you alive; there was King Henry VIII., 
and there are kings of the Cannibal 
Islands, who are kings by the grace of 
God as much as those of any other 
monotony and they take their mission- 
aries rare We had in our own land a 
king, Brigham Young, who could dis- 
tance Henry VIII. at his own chosen 
specialty, and who, when he died, left 
the old lady's home full of his widows. 
There are kings even of civilized chris- 
tian nations who are not fit to make a 
door mat in a respectable house. If a 
man ha- made up his mind that he will 
serve monarchy and not care what the 
monarch is like, then it i* easy for him 
to acquire this position. There are 

plenty of kings to serve but not many 
whom 1 would have you serve. Be par- 
ticular about your royalty. Be careful 
about the luan you are going to serve, 
as well as the service you are going to 
render him. 

And I think sometimes in this world 
of broad and growing thought the wise 
men might as well understand that 
woman always had it in her power to 
stand before this king as her brother 
does. At any rate the time has come 
when no longer the sain 
bright promise is closed to 
used to be. Our legislators and wise 
men give wise reasons why she still 
should not do certain things today, 
just as our forefathers used to give wise 
reasons why she should not be educated 
as her brother was and fitted to com- 
pete with him in the struggles of life. 
Now a man of any sense is not afraid in 
this generation to give a fair field to the 
girl educated by his side, and if she can 
distance hiin it is well enough. I am 
glad to have anyone come on the plat- 
form as a funny woman, and if she runs 
away with my lecture business I will 
throw up my hands and shout and be 
glad. I want you sometime to take the 
16th chapter of Romans and read it and 
see how many messages St. Paul has 
beginning with the commendation of 
"Phoebe, our sister," in his salutations 
to women, to the helpers that he gives 
by name all through the chapter. There 
are a great many men who never get 
past Timothy and first Corinthians 
when he says " Let the woman learn 
in silence with all subjection," and 
"Suffer not a woman to teach nor to 
usurp authority over the man." And I 
find that in his better moments he 
makes perfect acknowledment of all the 
church owed to woman at that day. 
No, I am willing to admit that I keep 
abreast of the broadest and foremost 
men who are extending to women their 
rights of citizenship and all the rights 
that man has. I began to see that a 
woman understands business better than 
men; that she had natural business 
principles that a man had to acquire by 
education. When I see women stand- 
ing every day at the counters of dry 
goods stores and refuse to pay seventy- 
five cents for something that they know 
perfectly well isn't worth forty, I want to 
kneel down and bless that woman, for I 
cannot do it. I fork over the seventy- 
five cents myself. When I see her wait 
for eight cents change, and not walk off 
as a man does, grandly, never minding 
the change, although it is the last eight 
cents that he has in the world, but wait 
and get the change calmly insteail of 
leaving it for the shop-keeper, I say 
that woman has a right to have some 
say in thisgovernment. When actually 
alone I see her refuse to give the head 
waiter $1 for showing her a seat that he 
will change every meal as long as she 
stays at the hotel, and to give the waiter 
fifty cents for something she never or- 
dered when she is paying at the same 
time four dollars a day at the house, I 
say that she ought to run the govern- 
ment altogether, alone. Onetime when 
coming through on a train the porter 
says— the porter usually has a profound 
contempt for women. He says " You 
never get any money, boss, when there 
is a car full of women on board." I had 
just, paid that porter 2.5 cents for losing 
one of my boots and blacking the other. 
And when I see them stand up and ab- 
solutely refuse to pay out of their own 
pockets the salaries of the servants of a 
corporation that is dividing millions 
among themselves every year, I said 
again that she had a right to vote and 
run the whole government alone. She 
knows her own rights and asserts them 
as effectively in a pleaeant and charm- 
ing way as he would do with greitt blus- 

ter. And so it is a pleasant thing to see 
that they have the same opportunities 
of receiving an education that we do, 
and of going out into the world and do- 
ing better work almost always, and sel- 
dom worse, and it promises grandly for 
the world in years to come. When a 
man has to shut out and cut off every 
line that runs into Ins own profession 
to keep people out because he cannot 
meet any rivalry, he is a weak man. 
And when he says if I am a mechanic I 
will build up certain laws that will shut 
out apprentices from my business, it is 
because he is not a good mechanic. 
When a man wants to feel that the 
groove that he runs in is so narrow that 
no other man can get in there with him, 
that is the man that needs to be pro- 
tected in his business because he can 
not run by himself. But the man who 
is an expert the whole world is not too 
wide for hiin to work in. He rather 
courts this kind of thing than otherwise 
and rather prefers competition because 
it stimulates his own faculties and 
makes him a braver, wider, shrewder 
man. So that whether or not you ever 
go to Congress or get to be President, 
you will know there is a loyal reward 
waiting for you if you fulfill the condi- 
tions of the proiuise in the first part of 
the text. If you are diligent in your 
business there is not much doubt of 
your standing before kings. You may 
not stand before nionarchs, and it would 
not honor you much if you did perhaps. 
Much of your service will be passed in 
attending to the ordinary duties of pri- 
vate citizenship, and you may not be 
known very widely or broadly, but if 
you devote yourself to whatever you 
take in hand, no matter what the line 
of your business or calling may be, and 
although you may never rest your eyes 
upon a crowned head in this world, 
sometime when the wearied arms are 
ready for rest, and the way of this world 
has grown long and weary and its busi- 
ness veryheavy, sometime, as the reward 
for your diligent work in this world, you 
shall not stand before kings, but a re- 
ward grander and nobler and better 
than this shall be yours: you shall stand 
before the King. 



Rhetoric is the science which treats of 
and a letter being a written 
it is evi dentl y subject to the 
same rules and principles of rhetoric as 
other prose composition. 

The two grand divisions of rhetoric 
are Invention and Style. 


Invention is simply thinking up some- 
thing to say. It is considered the most 
difficult part of composition, but in let- 
ter writing, generally this is not so. A 
letter is prompted by love or friendship, 
or by business interests, and under these 
circumstances our thoughts naturally 
furnish an abundance of materials. To 
formulate these materials in a proper 
style, both with regard to mode of ex- 
pression, as well as the mechanical ar- 
rangement, the penmanship is often 
more difficult, or rather, it is more diffi- 
cult for many, than thinking up some- 
thing to say. 

I would not have it understood, how- 
ever, that any carelessness is to be tol- 
erated in the composition of a letter. 
Westlake says : " It is proper, in every 
case, to think over beforehand what 
you want to say, so that no important 
thought or fact may be omitted or tacked 
on to the end as a postscript. Having 
done this, the mind should be given 
pretty free rein, and be allowed to run 
along as easily and naturally as possible' 

glancing aside here and there to follow 
the butterfly flights of fancy, or pausing 
in the shady nooks of sentiment or re- 

Of course, the latter part of the above 
paragraph from Westlake has reference 
to friendship letters only, for, in a busi- 
ness letter, to pause for a moment in 
any " shady nook of sentiment," or "to 
follow the butterfly flights of fancy," 
would be simply absurd. 

Style is the mode of expression. In- 
vention furnishes ideas; style arranges 
these ideas into correct and appropriate 
expressions. "It includes in its scope 
whatever in the arts and contrivances 
of speech can make the expression of 
thought more effective. In its lower 
forms it treats of Punctuation and the 
use of Capitals, and of other contriv- 
ances of a mechanical sort, which help 
to give clearness to the meaning, while 
in its higher forms it enters upon the re- 
gion of the imagination and the passions 
and deals with questions of taste and 
fancy."— (JTarfi I 

The remarks in these articles will be 
confined to a few of tne more practical 
divisions of Style that are of special Im- 
portance in letter writing. 

Spelling, although not properly a part 
of Rhetoric, yet being a very essential ele- 
ment in written discourse, I find it con- 
venient to speak of it in this connection. 

A letter may be elegantly written as 
far as penmanship is concerned; it may 
have all its parts properly and neatly 
arranged, and the composition may be 
good. But if the salutation reads "Dear 
Frand," and the close, "Yours verry 
truely "; or if in the body of the letter is 
found "right" for write, "to" for two, 
"except" for aceept, " thare " for their, 
etc., etc., that letter loses a considerable 
part of its value, for two reasons: First, 
bad spelling detracts from the looks of a 
letter. A mis-spelled familiar word 
strikes the eye with a certain unpleas- 
ant effect, somewhat the same as a fa- 
miliar face would, with an eye or a 
tooth missing or dislocated. Second, 
bad spelling reflects on our correspond- 
ent either carelessness or illiteracy, thus 
lowering him in our estimation, and re- 
duces our appreciation of the letter ac- 

It is true that the orthography of the 
English language is difficult, and its mas- 
tery is by no means a small accomplish- 
ment; but for one who claims even a 
common school education, there can be 
no excuse for mis-spelling the most com-' 
mon words, especially if there is a dic- 
tionary within reach. 

The frequent use of the dictionary is 
one of the best means of learning to 
spell, as is also careful observation in 
reading. Copying correctly written ar- 
ticles from books or magazin< - i- .-■ vr-y 
excellent exercise, not only in spelling, 
but in punctuation, use of capitals, an i 


Most rules for spelling have too many 
exceptions to be of much practical 
A few, however, are here given that may 
be studied to good advantage: 

Rule I.— Final e of a primitiv 
is dropped when a suffix is added begin- 
ning with a vowel. 

Examples. — Love, lov-ing: uiove,nflfl 
able; force, forc-ible. 

JSxot ption 1. — The e is retained after 
and c when a suffix is added beginning 
with a or o, in order to preserve the soft 
sound of f/ and c. 

Examples. — Change, changeable; 
peace, peaceable. 

Exception -'.—Words ending in oe re- 
tain the c to preserve the root sound, as 

RULE LI.- Monosyllables and words 
accented on the last syllable, when they 




end in a single consonant preceded by a 
single vowel, double their final conson- 
ant on receiving a suffix beginning with 
a vowel. 

EzampUa.—Kdb, rob-ber ; tan, tan- 
ning ; tip, tipped; expel, expelling. 

Rule III. — Final ,y, preceded by a 
consonant, is generally changed to i 
when a suffix is added that does not bo- 
gEn with i. 

l-:.rnmpl<s. — Merry, uierrilly ; beauty, 


The proper use of capitals adds much 
to the appearance and general merit of 
a letter, and the following rules should 
be carefully observed : 

Rule I.— Every sentence should begin 
with a capital. 

EtniiH IX.— The first word of a direct 
quotation should begiu with a capital; 
as, he asks, "Why do you not Btudy 
your lesson ? " Plutarch says, " Lying 
is the vice of slaves.'" 

In ray next article I shall treat of the 
subject of Punctuation. 

i'at/mraiso, Ind., Feu. 10, 1SS7. 


There can be no question, in this ad- 
vanced period of civilization, as to the 
nobleness and usefulness of educational 
effort. The time when teachers were 
looked upon with reproach, belongs to 
things historical, and will ever be re- 
membered as an age of superstition and 
ignorance. In the great drama of prog- 

Concentrated thought and effort are 
developing wonderful improvements in 
present methods, and the constant pol- 
ishing of a single thought has aided in 
producing results in the teaching that 
the work of a generalist could never ac- 

The habit of attaohing the title of a 
" crank " to the one-idea man is rapidly 
becoming extinct, and the specialist now 
marches in the advance ranks of think- 
ers, faithfully performing his allotted 
part in the great general educational 
plan. The educator who must devote 
his energies to numerous themes will 
never advance in the line of his discov- 
eries farther than those who have gone 
before him; but he who throws off every 
shackle and steadily follows one path, 
will very soon discover that he is a pio- 

many accomplished specialists, and we 
may congratulate ourselves that in no 
line of work are there greater oppor- 
tunities for -gaining an honorable dis- 
tinction than in the profession of our 
choice. Evansvillk, W. Va. 

Like the gnarled oak that has with 
stood the storms and thuuderbolts of 
centuries, man himself begins to die at 
the extremities. Keep the feet dry and 
warm, and we may snap our fingers in 
joyous triumph at disease and the doc- 
tors. Put on two pair of thick woolen 
stockings, but keep this to yourself ; go 
to som*) honest sou of St. Crispin, and 
have your measure taken for a stout 
pair of winter boots or shoes ; shoes are 
better for ordinary, everyday use, as 

Rule II. — Every line of poetry should 
begin with a capital. 

Rule III.— Proper names of persons, 
places, montliB, days, etc., should begin 
with capitals; as, John, Julia Stanton, 
Boston, Monday, January. 

Rule IV.— Titles of honor or distinc- 
tion, used alone or accompanied by 
names, should begin with capitals; as, 
Mr. Woodward, Dr. Hull, Chas. Reed, 
Esq., George the Third, Hon. James 
G. Blaine, Chief Justice Chase. 

Rule V.— Proper adjectives should 
begin with capitals; as, American, Eng- 
lish, Danish. 

Rule VI.— All names and titles refer- 
ring to DIety should begin with a capi- 
tal; as, ixud, Jehovah, Creator, Almigh- 
ty. Be, Hia 

Rule VII. — The pronoun 1 and the 
interjective O should always be capitals 

Ri i,k VIII.— Words of special import- 
ance may begin with capitals; as, the 
Reformation, the Board of Education, 
the Commissioner of Common Schools. I 

ress, no actor has performed a more es- 
sential or important part than the teach- 
er, and the time is not far distant when 
the dignity of his efforts will be recog- 
nized by a reformed social world. 

From the merest drudgery,— involving 
accusations of an unwillingness to per- 
form ordinary labor and honest toil, — 
the profession of teaching has assumed 
the magnitude of a mighty calling. In 
the ranks of educational reform are en- 
listed the brightest intellects, the most 
cultured minds, and the largest brains 
found in the territories of civilized life. 

The most sagacious of seers predict 
that in the golden ages of the future the 
only seal of true worth will be that of 
an educated mind. Surely, then, those 
who devote their lives to the delicate 
task of training and disciplining plastic 
human minds, are, or should be, the ac- 
knowledged stars of enlightened society. 

In every department of teaching, spe- 
cialists are multiplying, and generalists 
are existing only 

neer; that he is treading strange regions 
and reveling amid intellectual beauties 
that have never before yielded to or felt 
the touch of human hands. 

Diligently pursuing his unguided 
course in the gardens of thought that 
are never reached by a less concentrated 
line of advancement, he is enabled to 
fling to the struggling masses in the 
background, rare gems of knowledge, 
and with the burnished wand of investi- 
gation, he transforms the i-arelesslearned 
into an ambitious and enthusiastic stu- 

This demand for specialists has given 
birth, to and caused to rapidly expand 
and grow into a giant, — the profession 
of penmanship. 

The fact that excellence in this branch 
requires years of work has caused those 
who become skilled in the use of the 
pen to embark in the teaching field, and 
thus our profession has been called Into 

We have reason to be proud of our 

they allow the ready escape of the odors 
while they strengthen the ankles, accus- 
toming them to depend on themselves. 
A very slight accident is sufficient to 
cause a sprained ankle to a habitual 
boot-wearer. Besides a shoe compresses 
less, and hence admits of a more vigor- 
ous circulation of blood. But wear boots 
when you ride or travel. Give direc 
tions also to have no cork or India rub 
ber about the shoes, but to place be 
tween the layers of the soles, from 
to out, a piece of stout hemp or tow 
linen, which has been dipped in melted 
pitch. This is absolutely impervious to 
water— does not absorb a particle, while 
we know that cork does, and after a 
while becomes " soggy " and damp for a 
week. When you put them on for the 
first time, they will feel "as easy as an 
old shoe," and you may stand on damp 
places for hours with impunity. — AV 
Honal Educator. 

Subcribe for The American Penman 



^e American Penman, 

Published Bi-Monthly at 30c Per Year, 

By H. C. Clark, Erie, Pa. 



i fin 0C 

-.v. ( 

J $9(J 00 

8m to'i. 00 """" 


i 3 sSi! 

given on ReadlDg 1 

Mr. Clark will devote hia entire time 
and attention to the Erie College and 
his publications. Mr. Johnson will 
continue the school at Buffalo. 

The address of Robert J. Burdette, 
the celebrated humorist, published in 
this issue, is well worth reading. Mr. 
Burdette is one of America's greatest 
and most popular public lecturers. 


peraouH subscrliimg I 


To all our 9iil"Tii!(T* rcniiriiny Que Dollar we will 
until further notice, mall a copy of Volume First of 
Clark's Progressive Book-keeping am 

(-keeping to any one sending i 

Business men are more deeply in- 
terested in the prosperity of business 
colleges than ever before, as they can 
better appreciate the importance of 
commercial education than any other 

The February number of The Pen- 
man's Art Journal presents to its read- 
ers a fine likeness of Prof. D. L. Mus- 
selman, of Quincy, 111., and biograph- 
ical sketch prepared by the Rev. 
David Guy. 

Those desiring some beautiful card 
writing should enclose 25 cents to the 
editor and receive by return mail one 
dozen white bevel cards written in 
different styles that can not help but 
please the most fastidious. Order 

Society liv Miss .Ti'imlr 

before Clark's College 

Tea. Iut 11 

persons Interesting 

■lie sending the club on all subscriptions 
to The American Penman. We prefer 
i premiums to those securing clubs, and 
11 be Invariably followed. 

ERIE. PA , MARCH, 1887. 

Now is the time to subscribe. 

The next convention of business 
educators will be held in Milwaukee, 
Wis , in July. 

No more copies of the American 
Penman will be sent to those who are 
not subscribers. A hint to the wise 
is sufficient. 

The Penman's Gazette, now published 
in magazine form, presents an attrac- 
tive appearance. It is ably edited, 
well printed and liberally illustrated. 

Do not fail to read the advertise- 
ment on the seventh page, as it con- 
tains matter of importance to those 
interested in the subject of bookkeep- 

We congratulate Brother Palmer 
editor of the Western Penman, in giv- 
ing to the public such a valuable 
journal: It has the regular western 
snap and enterprise about it. 

The American Penman is circulated 
in both America and Great Britain, 
and it is the universal opinion of its 
readers that it is the best paper «\' its 
class published for 80 cents per year. 

Tin partnership heretofore existing 
between H.C. Clark and C. P. John- 
son has been dissolved, and hereafter 

Clark's Business College at Erie 
is having a large patronage, students 
being enrolled from all parts of the 
country, and the daily attendance is 
over two hundred. Its graduates are 
earnestly sought after by those in need 
of competent help. 

Young men who are anxious to get 
a successful start in life, should have 
a sound business education. There 
is no course of study of such general 
importance, and, in fact, it is indis- 
pensible to the business or profes- 
sional man and fanner alike. 

Rev. M. H. Tipton is meeting with 
excellent success as general agent for 
the People's Encyclopedia. It is a 
desirable addition to the library of the 
business or professional man, and is 
much better than many of the larger 
and more expensive encyclopedias 
now being put on the market. 

A copy of the new annual catalogue 
of Clark's Business College will be 
mailed free to any address. It is a 
beautiful and interesting book, con- 
taining the names of students enrolled 
during the past year, the address de- 
livered to the graduating class by the 
famous preacher and orator, Rev. T. 
DeWitt Talmage, and many other in- 
teresting addresses. 

We regret to announce the death of 
Corwin H. Mallory, Esq., which oc- 
curred on the 8th of February. Mr. 
Mallory was a former teacher in 
Clark's College and had the universal 
esteem of those who were acquainted 
with him. He was admitted to the 
Erie bar last July, and had he lived, 
would have easily won prominence 
and success as an attorney. He was 
a young man of exceptionally good 
character, and his friends have the 
pathy of the entire community in 
their sad affliction. 

of Dr 


'ety by M 

In looking to the future there is one 
very important inquiry which we, as 
young people, should ask ourselves. 

Have we a well-cultured and well- 
stored mind ? What position are we 
anxious to occupy in society? What is 
the estimation in which we wish to be 
held by those within the circle of our 

I trust there are none among us this 
evening who desire to be disrespected 
by the wise and good. There is nothing 
would gratify us more than to be hon- 
ored and respected as we advance in 
years, and to move in good society. Is 
not this the desire of the young of this 
audience ? The youthful, who have the 
slightest understanding of the journey 
of life, who are iuipressed even in the 
smallest degree with the perils to which 
they are exposed; the trials to be en- 
dured; the vicissitudes through which 
they must necessarily pass, cannot fail 
to acknowledge the wisdom of seeking 
for knowledge to enlighten tliem through 
this world's wayward scenes. 

A career well begun— a life commenced 
properly, with wise forecast and under 
the influence of sound and pure princi- 
ples, is an advance, half way at least, to 
ultimate success and prosperity. "Well 
begun is half done," was on« 
Franklin's sound maxims. Ai 
advance in years they percei' 
and more the importi 
ing life properly. II 
ment which makes the prosperous j 
ney through life. For instance, we will 
refer to some wretched outcast! Pooi 
and miserable, shunned bv all, he drags 
out his worthless life. 

Does he think he has acted wisely ? 
Hark to his soliloquy, "Oh, could I but 
begin life again, could I but live my 
days over again, what a different course 
I would pursue. Instead of rushing on 
blindly and heedlessly, without fore- 
thought or care, I would search for the 
way of virtue and honesty." This op- 
portunity which he so eagerly oovets, 
and to obtain which he would deem no 
sacrifice too great, is now before every 
one in this assembly. It is much easier 
to start right and keep right than to 
start wrong and then endeavor to get 
right. Above all things cherish self-re- 

Cultivate pride of character. The 
more pride of this description the better. 
There are many temptations strewn 
along our path. 

Could the young man as he is tempted 
by some fashionable young friend to 
take that terrible glass of intoxicating 
beverage, see plainly the poverty and 
wretchedness, and the horrid death, to 
which it often leads, he would set it 
down untasted and turn away in alarm. 
Hence we need to establish fixed rules 
of conduct, by which we will be gov- 
rned in every hour of temptation. 
Among these fixed principles by no 
jeans overlook Honesty and Integrity. 
Honesty is admired by all. Even the 
most corrupt swindler respects an honest 
man. We, as young people, should es- 
tablish a fixed purpose for life, should 
set our mark as to what we wish to be- 
come, and then make it the great labor 
of our lives to attain it. 

Let that mark be a high one. You 

cannot make it too elevated. The max- 

of the ancients, that although he 

) aims at the sun may not hit it, yet 

arrows will fly much higher than 

though his mark had been on the earth. 

A young man who should strive to be a 

second Washington or Jefferson might 

not attain to his renown. But he would 

become a much greater and better man 

than though he had only aspired to be 
the keeper of a gambling house. 
In all purposes of life aim high.' 
One of the most important principles 
is the selection of ourassociates. We are 
in nature social beings. We desire and 
enjoy the society of others. It is impos- 
sible to be on social and familiar terms 
with others for any length of time with 
out copying somewhat of their disposi- 
tion, ways and habits. 

Let a young man, however upright 
and pure, associate with those that are 
profane, intemperate and unprincipled, 
but a brief space of time will elapse be- 
fore he will fall into like habits himself. 

To a young lady, industry is equally 
essential and commendable. When a 
young lady associates with those who 
are idle, disrespectful, whose chief occu- 
pation is to spin street yarns, to run from 
house to house, store to store, and walk 
the streets in the evening, instead of be- 
ing at home engaged in some useful 
employment, whose whole conver- 
sation, thoughts, (and perhaps dreams), 
relate to dress, fashion, and to some 
mash she has made, and whose reading 
never extends to instructive and useful 
books, but is confined exclusively to 
sickly novels and silly love stories, how 
long before she will become as careless 
and good-for-nothing as her associates ? 

Strive to know the principles and 
habits of your associates Inquire how 
and wficrethey spend their leisure hours, 
and in what company they mingle. 

If in these respects they are found 
worthy, then hesitate not to associate 
with them. But if you find them defi 
cient in any of these characteristics, 
however respected, shun their company 


Lafayette identified himself so thor- 
oughly with those for whose independ- 
ence he fought, that when referring to 
the Revolution, he always spoke of him- 
self as an American. One evening in 
1824, while visiting Boston, Mrs. Josiah 
Quincy said to him : 

"The American eockrade was black 
and white, was it not, General ?" 

" Yes, madame," he replied; "it was 
black at first, but when the French came 
and joined us, we added the white in 
compliment to them." 

At the siege of Yorktown, in the as- 
sault which hastened the surrender of 
Cornwallis, Lafayette and his American 
division .captured one redoubt some min- 
utes before the French carried the re- 
doubt assigned to them. 

" You don't remember me. General V" 

ied an old soldier, passing through the 
crowd assembled at the State House to 
welcome Lafayette on his arrival in Bos- 
ton. The General looked at him keenly, 
holding the hand of the old man, who 
added : 

[ was close to you when we stormed 
redoubt at Yorktown — I was just 
behind Captain Smith— you remember 
Captain Smith ? He was shot through 
the head just as he mounted the re- 

"Yes, yes, I remember," answered La- 
fayette, his face lightening up. "Poor | 
Captain Smith ! But ive beat the French/ 
We beat the French! " 

At the surrender of Cornwallis, the 
American troops were drawn up on the 
right, and the French troops on the left 
of the road, along which the British 
Army marched in silence. Lafayette, 
noticing that the English soldiers looked 
only at the Frenchmen on the left, and 
ignored the American light infantry, the 
pride of his heart, and being determined 
to bring their "eyes to the right," or- 
dered the band to strike up " Yankee I 

"Then " said he, narrating the change, 
" they did look at us, l>ut were not very I 
well pleased."-- Youth* Companion. ' 



Prof. W. A. Mowry gives the following 
incident: "A few years ago u young 
man went into a cotton factory and 
spent a year in learning the work in 
the carding-rooui. He then devoted 
another year to the spinning-room, still 
another in learning how to weave. He 
boarded with the weaver of one of these 
rooms, and was often asking questions. 
He picked up all sorts of knowledge. 
He was educating himself in a good 
school, and was destined to graduate 
high in his class. He became BUperin 
tendent of a small mill at a salary of 
about $1,500 a year. He was sought for 
a higher place. It happened in this way: 
One of the large mills in Fall River was 
running behindhaud Instead of mak- 
ing money, the corporation was losing. 
They wanted a first-class man to direct 
the affairs of the mill- They applied to 
a gentleman in Boston well acquainted 
with the leading men engaged in the 
manufacture of cotton. He told them 
In- knew of a young man that would 
suit them, but they would have to give 
hiiu a good salary. 

" ' What salary will he require?' 

" ' I cannot tell, but I think you would 
have to pay him $6,000 a year.' 

'"That is a very large sum; we have 
never paid so much.' 

to the principle on which they are 
based. Such classification greatly ficil- 
itates the work of learning the forms of 
letters. For instance the I, b, h. and k 
of which the distinctive feature is the 
direct loop, may form one group, and 
following in another group thej, y, g 
and/, which involve the use of the in- 
verted loop. 

By studying and comparing the let- 
ters in this manner, the learner readily 
recognizes their striking similarity, and, i 
at the same time, most likely discover in 
what particulars they differ. While 
this method enables one very quickly to 
learn each individual letter, it also se- 
cures to his general style of writing, a 
regularity and harmony that adds great- 
ly to its beauty and legibility. 

The capital letters which have been 
presented in these lessons are such as 
involve the use of the sixth principle. 
In this lesson the group is completed 
with the introduction of the Z, W, V 
and U. These, only, require a detailed 
description, as the other letters in the 
copies below have been fully treated of 
in the preceding lessons. 

The Z consists of the sixth principle, 
at the lower extremity of which a nar- 
row oblique loop, a half space in Length, 
is formed, and to which is added an 
inn rted loop. 


All that has a bearing on fitting our 
girls for an active, independent life can 
justly be classed under the head of a 
business education. The foundation of 
such an education should commence in 
childhood, and should consist in being 
taught the proper use of money. Par- 
ents often, from foolish indulgence, cul- 
tivate habits of extravagance in their 
daughters far beyond their means. Such 
habits, even if a girl have wealth, can 
but be a drawback to the development 
of her higher nature, and if she be com- 
pelled at any time to support herself 
they prepare the way for much that is 
objectionable, and, alas ! often for much 
that is positively criminal. So, then, it 
is important that girls be taught the 
proper use of money. This can only be 
done by practical experience. Let moth- 
ers put the family reins intotheirdaugh 
ters' hands, wisely overseeing their ef- 
forts, and let them learn just what a 
dollar should bring, and how much 
more comfort can be derived from judi- 
cious economy than from reckless ex- 
travagance. If they fail now ami then 
it is no more than should be expected, 
but the failures will eventually lead to 

How many business embarrassments 

men in the world, in spite of what the 
grumblers sometimes tell you; but we 
have yet to learn that a spirited, self- 
reliant, well-informed business- woman 
ever loses anything in the estimation of 
others by the very knowledge thftt ren 
ders her so independent Let it then be 
a part of our girls' education that they 
be taught something by which, if neces- 
sary, they can earn their own living. 
i iiroumstonces and talent will, of course, 
decide what that something is to be, 
but whatever it be. let it he taught on 
systematic busings principles.— Toronto 


He had a wonderful capacity for 
study, a genuine love for work, and the 
ability to "keep it up. 1 ' His mental ac- 
tivity was far from being limited to 
the requirements of the regular college 
work. He was just as earnest in the 
debates and other literary exercises of 
the Philologian; he read widely and 
thoroughly, pursued with practical dili- 
gence more studies than were in the 
regular course, waseditor-in-chief of the 
college magazine, taught a writing 
school and engaged in various other 
literary work and all with a hearty 
thoroughness that would not slight 
any portion of the field effort. It was 

TV-tn^a-a ^A4^i<£^* . .. €£fo^£cfr€^ sd&k 

"'No, probably not, and you have 
never had a competent man. The con- 
dition of your mill and tho story you 
have told me to-day show that foot, I 
do not think he would go for less- I 
should not advise him to; but 1 will ad- 
vise him to accept, if you offer him that 
salary; and 1 think he will save you 
thirty per cent, of the cost of making 
your goods.' 

" 'The salary was offered, the man ac- 
cepted, and he saved nearly forty per 
cent, of the cost the first year. Soon he 
had a call from one of the largest cor- 
porations in New England, with whom 
he engaged as superintendent for five 
years, at a salary of $10,000 a year. He 
had been with this company only about 
one year before he had an offer of an- 
other position, with a salary of $15,000 a 
year. But he declined the offer, saying 
that he had engaged where he was for 
five years, and he should not break his 
contract even for $5,000 a year margin." 
—Business World. 


No. 6. 
By a careful study of the forms of let- 
lers used in writing, it will be found that 
they may be separated into groups, in 
each of which some one of the seven 
principles, presented in a previous les- 
son, constitutes the distinctive feature. 
This fact most naturally leads to a clas- 
sification of the letters with reference 

In forming the YV, the 8i.cih principle 
is used, and from its lower extremity a 
right curve is carried upward three 
spaces, joining in an angle with a left 
curve, which is carried downward to 
base and well to the right: this is joined 
again in an angle with a left -urn, 
which is carried upward two spaces. 

In fonuingthe I'.the downward stroke 
of the sixth principle is changed to a 
h ft curve as it approaches the base line; 
here an oval turu is formed, and a "com- 
pound curve carried upward two spaces 
completes the letter. 

The first part of the V is like the first 
part of the V, but instead ot the finish- 
ing compound curve we have, in the U, 
a right curve upward two spaces, where 
it is joined in an angle with a straight 
line carried down to base and terminat- 
ing in an ova! turn. 

Considerable time should be given to 
the study and practice of each of these 
letters before attempting to use them in 
connection with other letters. The ex- 
ercises in the W and I ', presented in the 
copies, may be employed with advan- 
tage inrfleveloping movement To exe- 
cute these combinations satisfactorily, 
freedom of movement and precision of 
stroke is required, which, if attained by 
the student, indicates a degree of skill 
of which he may well be proud. 

Readers of The American Penman 
are earnestly requested to help extend 
its circulation. Get your friends to sub- 

might the man of family be spared if the 
wife had received this training in her 
childhood! Just here it is allowable to 
say that husbands frequently deprive 
themselves of the moral as well as 
practical help of their wives by failing 
to inform them in regard to the exact 
state of their business. Often from a 
kind though mistaken desire to save the 
wife trouble and deprivation, she is al- 
lowed to go on spending that which 
should not be spent, thus plunging the 
family deeper and deeper in ruin. This 
would rarely happen if girls were always 
trained to practical business views. She 
who takes upon herself the name of 
wife should kindly but firmly insist on 
knowing what she can safely spend and 
when and where it ie necessary to re- 
trench. A partnership where one mem- 
ber of the firm is kept in ignorance of 
the business, rarely gives satisfactory 
returns, and it is safe to say that in this 
life partnership few husbands have 
cause to repent giving business confi- 
dence to their wives. No girl should be 
allowed to remain in ignorance of her 
legal rights as pertaining to person or 
property. Much misery would often be 
avoided if- parents included this knowl- 
edge in the business education of their 
daughters. One who knows her rights 
and is prepared to defend them, if nee 
9sary, is far more likely to have those 
ights recognized than shewho prefers ig- 
norantly to rely on the consideration the 
sterner sex is supposed to grant her. We 
would nor decry that self-same consid- 
eration. There are many noble-hearted I 

not in him to do anything by halves. 
Watever his hand found to do he did it 
with his might. 

There was remarkable balance and 
systeinry in his mental constitution, not 
amazing strength on one side, counter- 
balanced by amazing weakness on an- 
other. Gifts ordinary considered at 
variance were happily combined in him 
He could excel in pure mathematics, 
and in poetry; in strict logic, and in the 
beauties of rhetoric, in the patient stud 
ies of iniii Lite and numerous facts, and 
masterly grouping and generalization; 
in clear conception of a plan of action, 
and practical ability for its execution. 

His energies were never in aimless 
efforts. They were guided by good 
judgment and thoroughly under control 
of his will. Indeed, of all his magnifi- 
cent intellectual endowments, the 
grandest was this, the ability to concen- 
trate all his force when and where he 
would. And this ability he kept always 
in exercise, so that his powers were ever 
in process of development. Intellectu- 
ally and morally he never stopped grow- 
ing. Where others were lagged or were 
lost in the intricacies of the plain, he 
would go on and gain a commanding 
height. A noble thing to see is the 
human will directing the onward march 
of human powers. A nobler thing by 
far, is the will subordinated always to 
the supreme right. Ami this last crown- 
ing glory must in all justice be awarded 
to him, that he recognized and obeyed 
what was rightfully dominant. Nor 
did this obedience result from a men- 
cold and severe sense of duty. His un- 
flinching courage was united with the 
most loving tenderness.- Brooklyn Mag- 



a walking along the street 
of one of onr cities. She was poorly 
dressed; her face was marked with sad- 
ness. She carried a frame picture under 
her arm. Her step was quick and she 
seemed nervous. As she turned around 
a corner an official laid his hand on her 
shoulder, and said, "What do you carry, 
dear lady ?" 

"Only a picture, sir," she replied. 

" Is it your own ? n he asked. 

" It is my own, sir," she answered. 

"Well, you will come with me, and we 
will see," he continued. He then es- 
corted her to a police station. She still 
held to the picture. She was put on 
trial. A picture-dealer appeared against 
her. A jury was hastily collected to 
hear the case. The judge took charge 
of the picture. He looked at it, then at 
the face of the woman. The picture 
was Hint of a beautiful little girl. The 
1 still carried in her countenance 
- of a refined and noble ex- 

" Well, madam," said the judge, "the 
portrait is an excellent one. I admire 
your taste very much. You certainly 
are a lover of fine arts. But this cannot 
excuse you. You might be excused for 
stealing bread, if your were hungry; or 
for sneaking coal, if your family were 
freezing. But why did you venture into 

I to convict All asked to be excused. 
And they stepped out, each with a 
melted heart. 

" Here," said the judge, as the woman 
sat before him, now left almost alone, 
and he gave her the picture, " there is 
no one to claim it but you. And take 
this too," he continued, and handed her 
a ten-dollar bill. The woman bowed 
her thanks and departed. 

Saloon-keeper, come and behold the 
scene. The dishonored grave, the deso- 
late home; the darkened path of the wi- 
dowed wife; the bleeding heart of the 
bereaved mother. Behold the scene till 
tears furrow your cheeks, and the sense 
of guilt makes you groan; till you lock 
up the dram-shop, never again to be 
opened, and your hand refund the prop- 
erty you have taken by fraud from wid- 
ows and orphans— Canadian Baptist. 


Young men do you want a good posi- 
tion? If so there is one way by which 
you are sure to get it. Take some one 
thing and make yourself thoroughly 
master of it. Unless intemperate or 
dishonest you do not see good mechan- 
ics, skillful accountants, good salesmen, 
or firBt-class teachers wandering about 
looking for a job. It may be so in the 
countries of the old world, but it will 
not be so here for years to come. The 

The great law of supply and demand 
rules this as everything else. Gold is 
valuable because it is rare, iron is cheap 
because it is common. Men who will 
take the time and pains to make them- 
selves thorough are few and hence com- 
mand good pay. Men who learn no 
trade or business are common, and 
hence can be had as low as a dollar a 
day. Which will you be ? 

If you propose to be a high-priced 
man you have got to give time, trouble 
and hard work to make yourself so. If 
it were not so everyone would rush in 
and the good article would no longer 
command a premium. Everything has 
its price, and if you want a certain po- 
sition in the world pay for it. Now is 
the future offered. Now, while you have 
your capital of youth, time and energy 
to invest, for the days will come when 
these are gone, and then it will be too 
late. Now U the time; who bids?— The 
Business Student. 


A Chicago paper says that "if parents 
living in Chicago desire to have their 
children instructed in the art of reading 
and writing the English language, in 
simple arithmetic and practical geo- 
graphy, it is obvious that they must 
soon employ teachers at their homes or 
patronize schools where a tuition fee is 

The industrial school is really the 
hope of our common school system, 1 
the parents will have to be educated up 
to it before the children generally cm 
educated in it. Nothing in the forgoing 
remarks, however, must be construed 
by Superintendent Crooker as mean 
thi t he not chiefly responsible for the 
maintenance of the iniquitous school 
system of Buffalo. Enough of the par- 
ents of this city have indicated their de- 
sire for a reformed system to show that 
the mass of them want it. A particu- 
larly bad application of an erroneous 
principle is often a powerful aid in hav- 
ing it discredited. — Buffalo Kri>ren». 


There are Idle men in all countries 
doing virtually nothing, and vainly sigh- 
ing, " If I had capital" or "had a farm" 
what wonders they would do. There 
are other things which they need worse 
than capital or farm. It is application, 
push and wise economy. Without these 
capital or farms are of no use And if 
he has these talents he can acquire 
capital, farms and credit. With 
without capital, all who deserve it, ci 
and do win wealth and character. They 
are within the reach of all. Nearly all 
successful business men started in 
and in business without capital, 
young man who cannot by his own 

CIj^RK s BIISX1VHSS ioiaaivi: 

The above 

this man's store and take the fine paint- 

"I will speak a word, if your honor 
will permit," answered the lady in a soft 
and melancholy tone. " I do not expect 
my reply to gain me any mercy; but it 
will explain. I once had a good home; 
my husband was kind; we were happy. 
We had a little daughter. She was our 
joy; 0, she was dear! What sweet days 
those were! But they came to an end. 
A saloon was opened in our town. My 
husband began to drink; he could not 
quit, the drinking ran us into debt; my 
huBband could earn no more money. At 
last he died. After a while my daugh- 
ter also died. It was not long after my 
loved ones were taken from me till the 
sheriff came, and my home, with all that 
was in it, was sold. I waB left without 
anything. But I felt so much lost. I 
cared but little for anything except the 
picture of my daughter. It was sold. I 
tried to find it. And for long and weary 
years 1 have lived in my loneliness. But 
as I passed along the street, I looked in- 
to a store, at the door of that gallery; 
and my daughter's picture met my eyes. 
1 told the man I wanted it; but he be- 
lieved me not. I watched until I got a 
chance, and slipped into the store and 
brought it away. And now I submit to 
punishment; any punishment you may 
lay on me, only let me have the picture. 
Will you not ? 0, will you not let me 
have my daughter's picture ! " 

The men were overwhelmed with the 
simple, touching statement of the brok- 
en-hearted mother. No one was willing 

mistake most young men make is in not 
qualifying themselves for anything thor- 
oughly. It matters not how humble 
your choice of avocation may be, do it 
as well as it can be done and your fu- 
ture is secure. A carpenter once asked 
a blacksmith to make him a hammer. 
He made it and next day two of the car- 
penter's mutes came to get a hammer 
" like that one." To-day he is proprie- 
tor of a large factory and turns out hun- 
dreds of cases of hammers made of hon- 
est steel and soundest hickory. 

A Chinaman, a despised alien without 
friends or influenoe, will start a laundry 
in a strange city, and beoause he does 
thorough and honest work will, in a 
short time, build up an extensive busi- 
ness from his almost enemies. 

Anyone in business or trade knows 
that incompetency and negligence are 
the rule, and that thoroughly qualified 
men are the exception, and when they 
once get hold of a first-class man they 
keep him. When times get close and it 
is necessary to reduce the working force, 
they do not say "our head bookkeeper 
is costing us a big salary, we will try and 
get on without him and let one of the 
assistants take his place," or "we had 
better discharge our foreman and let 
one of the new hands fill the position." 
No, the retrenchment is the other way, 
the half-hearted, indifferent workmen 
go first. Why not; if times improve 
there are always plenty of that kind to 
be had to fill up with again, but a really 
valuable man has to be kept even at a 

required," the Chicago common school 
curriculum having almost no place for 
"the common English branches." Ger- 
man, music, drawing, modeling in clay, 
and calisthentics are taught, but the 
three R's are practically ignored. And 
the Chicago schools are of the common 
American type, slightly exaggerated, 

Yet the vast majority of public-school 
pupils leave school before they are 
twelve years old. It is a marvelous sys- 
tem indeed which imposes the study of 
free-hand drawing upon a boy who, in- 
tending to earn his living as a composi- 
tor, needs to be taught spelling and 
punctuation, and who has bo little of 
the artistic sense that he probably could 
not draw a straight line without the aid 
of a rule; while children without musi- 
cal earB or a desire to possess them have 
to fritter away their time in attempts to 
vocalize or read music. 

Sensible parents complain of the sys- 
tem, but the sensible parents where 
matters of education are concerned are 
few. If they predominated, the system 
could never have grown up. The 
"prominent educators" are not solely 
responsible for it. The great " middle 
class" prefer for their children a showy 
education to a useful one. The very 
poor will stint themselves to get a cheap 
piano for their "girl," who in nine 
cases out of ten has no forte for it. An 
examination of private schools curricu- 
lums will show whence the gaudy but 
generally useless public school curricu- 
lum draws its inspiration. 

domitable will, mould and direct the ele- 
ments about him so as to win success, is 
underserving of wealth or positic 
There is no use standing idle, crying 
about what you would do if you "had 
capital." Providence has endowed you 
with capital if you will only use it. Brains 
and muscle working in harmony alwayB 
win. It i> for thisthat man was endowed 
with them. If such valuable capital 
left to rust and rot, the possessor will 
live in poverty and obscurity, as 
ought to. Cease your whining and go 
to work. Keep away from saloons and 
gambling houses. Abandon all useless 
expenses— no matter how small your 
come, save a certain per cent, of it each 
year, and soon you will have credit, 
capital, farms, and wealth. The road is 
plain, easy, and certain. Providence 
has given you capital — do not bury it. 
All deserving young men win. They 
are endowed with all of the necess 
aids for the position they are intended 
for in this world.— The College Record, 

A special Summer School for teacher* 
will be organized at Clark's College i 
June 1st, to continue ten we^ks, and the 
instruction will be of the most thorough 
and practical kind. Every teacher 
-should write for terms. 

A cheerful temper joined with inno- 
cence will make beauty attractive.knowl- 
edge delightful, and wit good rmtured. 
It will lighten sickness, poverty and af* ] 
fliction, convert ignorance into an ami- 
able simplicity, and render deformity j 
itself agreeable. — Addison, 


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